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A third chronological problem may be mentioned in passing.
For example, the poet Ennius writes that "the moon blocked out the sun in darkness on June's fifth day", which is a description of the solar eclipse on 21 June 400 BCE.
To return to the main problem: it was already recognized in Antiquity, and three solutions were proposed.
Instead, they called their years after the two supreme magistrates, the consuls.
For example, the year that corresponds to our 59 BCE was known to them as "the year in which Gaius Julius Caesar and Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus were consuls".
Originally, the pontifex maximus was responsible for the maintenance of the official version of this list, which was published at the end of the second century BCE.
However, there are two problems, which are often ignored by modern historians.The hypothesis that this period lasted longer than one year cannot be falsified, and this may be the reason why the great Roman historian Titus Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE) accepted it.The first one was to accept a period of anarchy of several years in the 360s.This was not a bad solution, because it is certain that there was at least one year in which the tribunes Licinius and Sextius forbade the election of magistrates.As long as one had a list of magistrates, one could date all past events.Using a similar list, we are able to convert Roman year names to our year numbers.